Persian Rugs Are Rich In History

April 7, 2012 by
Filed under: Persian Rug 

Persian rug
by Boston Public Library

Persian Rugs Are Rich In History

Article by Annie Deakin

The Iranians and Persians before them are a people of rich culture. One of the greatest contributions that these societies have made is hand-woven fine rugs. Persian rugs are recognized around the world as being some of the finest rugs created. In fact Persian rugs are often replicated and duplicated. There are many fake copies of Persian rugs that try to pass as the real thing.

Persian carpets fall into three categories. The first category is the Kilim; these rugs are rugs that were made by the ancient nomads. The other two are divided into categories by size. Rugs that are 6’x4′ or smaller are referred to as Qalicheon while those larger than 6’x4′ are referred to as Farsh.

The art of making Persian rugs is almost as long as that of the known existence of man. It is believed that the Persians have been making g rugs for close to 3000 years. The oldest example of ancient Persian rugs is a rug that is believed to be over 2500 years old.

This rug was discovered in 1949 and is still inexistence today. Since being discovered in Siberia this rug has been preserved and protected. The way this rug is made is a testimony to the craft.

The borders of the Pazyryk rug have symbols on them that are characteristic of Persian rugs. One side has the images of Persian horsemen while the other border displays images of deer. While this rug was made around 5oo BC. It is not considered to be nomadic or of the Kilim style.

Although this rug is considered to be the oldest rug in existence it is just one of the many that are known to have existed in this period of time. There is recorded evidence that the royal residences of this period contained numerous examples of these rugs. One example of this is the residence of Cyrus the Great.

By the sixth century AD. Persians were using the materials that are still used in modern Persian rugs. Silk and wool are the primary materials in Persian rugs. Several examples of such rugs are known to have existed in the palace in Sasnian, ancient Iraq.

The rugs that existed in these grand residences are prime examples of the fine handmade rugs of ancient Persia. Modern Iranians are the descendants of the ancient Persians and these people still craft these specialty rugs today, though modern Persian rugs are properly referred to as Iranian carpets. However it is also popular in modern times to use mechanical methods to produce Persian rugs.

Despite modern manufacturing methods there are still many craftsmen that produce Persian rugs using the methods of the ancient Persians. These methods are now over 2500 years old. Hand crafted Persian rugs are considered some of the most valuable household decorating accents in the world. The Iranian government now controls the business of hand crafted rugs. These rugs count for one third of all exports by the country of Iran. Handcrafted rugs are very valuable and make great heirloom items.

Annie is an expert furniture and interior design writer. Her current area of specialism is furniture, home office furniture and bedroom sale

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